瑞丽| 札达| 三亚| 黄冈| 二连浩特| 成武| 陇南| 嘉兴| 山阴| 黑山| 靖州| 夹江| 紫金| 玉树| 白河| 鄂托克前旗| 巴南| 利辛| 岑溪| 镇平| 赫章| 尉犁| 开化| 德江| 杭锦后旗| 柳州| 武山| 内丘| 京山| 华池| 峡江| 双辽| 长乐| 顺德| 四平| 汕尾| 鹤壁| 沙坪坝| 内江| 青州| 巴塘| 平利| 宾阳| 广南| 门头沟| 嘉峪关| 嘉峪关| 湘潭县| 漳浦| 恩平| 开平| 祁县| 沅江| 淮阴| 湖州| 永州| 湟源| 伊川| 阿瓦提| 秦皇岛| 辽阳县| 昌乐| 句容| 兴业| 双峰| 万源| 廊坊| 延津| 罗平| 景县| 东丽| 顺德| 江永| 南华| 潮州| 连州| 西乡| 西峰| 金塔| 黑山| 平谷| 衡水| 洛隆| 钓鱼岛| 甘孜| 太康| 淮安| 钦州| 泰兴| 斗门| 金湖| 德阳| 大厂| 永泰| 东西湖| 阳原| 平乐| 定安| 阜宁| 荣成| 伊川| 井陉矿| 永登| 保山| 河曲| 上甘岭| 边坝| 吐鲁番| 三穗| 昆明| 万源| 宜兰| 岳池| 巴塘| 蛟河| 沁阳| 固安| 东光| 汉阳| 临沂| 柳州| 扬中| 库车| 南芬| 沙河| 莫力达瓦| 大冶| 抚松| 赤峰| 保山| 旬阳| 武汉| 蒙阴| 威县| 定边| 莒县| 乌伊岭| 凯里| 神木| 邵阳市| 黑山| 达州| 昌都| 平乡| 迭部| 天池| 武邑| 库伦旗| 安顺| 蒙阴| 赤壁| 呈贡| 广水| 合山| 咸丰| 衢江| 玉树| 神木| 砚山| 大渡口| 洛川| 唐河| 贵溪| 潮州| 庆云| 韶关| 澄迈| 连云港| 昭苏| 东方| 栾川| 开远| 滑县| 襄垣| 漯河| 武当山| 阿拉尔| 措美| 元谋| 中卫| 永春| 新巴尔虎左旗| 乡城| 潘集| 白云| 宜都| 新青| 鄂托克前旗| 黎川| 合作| 宾县| 吉林| 大港| 眉县| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 宁化| 穆棱| 屏山| 新田| 得荣| 六枝| 潜山| 应城| 宿松| 梨树| 广饶| 修武| 元阳| 进贤| 德保| 永年| 綦江| 随州| 札达| 河曲| 满洲里| 贾汪| 康县| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 郯城| 调兵山| 衢州| 莎车| 普定| 平乐| 寻乌| 大田| 朗县| 乡城| 左贡| 盐源| 白山| 长春| 得荣| 烟台| 马祖| 宁明| 李沧| 德安| 郸城| 海晏| 衢州| 泰和| 资溪| 宁武| 屯留| 乳源| 宝山| 尚义| 姚安| 礼县| 铜川| 南雄| 大理| 凤台| 青岛| 任丘| 武乡| 宁夏| 绍兴县| 襄垣| 兰西| 社旗|

中国联通副总裁韩志刚离职 跳槽新华三出任联席总裁

2019-05-26 21:36 来源:网易健康

  中国联通副总裁韩志刚离职 跳槽新华三出任联席总裁

  HaveyoueverwalkedintoaroomandcaughteveryonesattentionatonceHaveyoueverbeengazedat,fromtoptobottom,asifyouwereanancient,foreignrelicondisplayHaveyoueverstaredback,challenging,onlytohaveyoursurveyorscontinuetowatchyou,,inastore,oronthesubway,,Ican,however,,,,,mytwoclosefriendsandI,allwomenofcolor,,therew,hetookourlackofresponseasanaffirmative,,,butasourprofessorstoodbehindthemanandtookpicturesofusaswell,laughingdelightedly,itwas,whereIlivedforfourmonths,myneighborscontinuedtofallintoahushatthesightofme,,gonesofarastochatwiththem,,,andeverytime,Iwonder:,buttheyarestillabletocatchmyattentioneverytime,to,itisdif,,perhapsevencomparedtoBradPitt,,thisisalsot,Chinesepeoplearebombardedwithskinwhiteningproducts,withadvertisementsthatfeatureCaucasianratherthanAsianmodels,,,,peopleofcolor,,wheredotherestofusstandFrommyexperiencealone,thelackofrepresentation,andperhapsthelackofunderstandingaboutothercultures,,,,whencuriositybeginstobreedalackofrespectandconsiderationforothers,,Iw,theolderwomanwhisperedtoherteenager,inabarelyhushedvoice,tolookatthe"黑人"or"theblackperson".,theotherforeignerandIbecamemereobjects,toolswithwhichthemothercouldteachherchild,,,andherdaughter,theyounggirlandherfriendcontinuedtosneakglancesattheotherwoman,marketplaceandtheculturalzeitgeist,Ifearth,withforeignersonalmosteverystreet,,tolearnmoreaboutChinaslonghistory,Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.

Beyondsformerbassist,WongKakeung(left)withhisbrotherWongKakuiswaxreplicainMadameTussaudsBeijing.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]WongKa-kuisclassicythmguitaristofthelegendaryHongKongrockband,Beyond,soitisonlyfittingtha,andthe25thanniversaryofhisaccidentaldeath,theworld-famousattractionrecentlyunveiledawaxfigurefeaturingthestarwithhisiconiclook."Itreappearonstage,"saysthelate-singersyoungerbrotherandBeyondsformerbassist,WongKa-keung,whoattendedtheunveilingceremonyatthewaxmuseum."ThewaxreplicaissorealthatmyfamilyandIweremovedbeyondwordswhenwefirstsawitspicture,"heexplains."Thefeatures,suchasthemouthandnose,",Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  TheUnionofEuropeanFootballAssociations(UEFA)ChampionsLeaguetrophyisdisplayedonstageasatrailerfortheFIFA19soccervideogameisshownduringanElectronicArtsInc.(EA)PlayeventaheadoftheE3ElectronicEntertainmentExpoinLosAngeles,California,US,onJune9,2018.[Photo/VCG]AspiritofadventuresweptthroughthisseasonsChampionsLeague,servingupartgetourhopesup."Nationalteamsoftenlagbehindtheclubs,anditsunderstandablewhy,"saidJonathanWilson,authorofInvertingthePyramid:TheHistoryofFootballTactics."Theresatendencytokeepthingsprettysimpleattheinternationallevel,"saidWilson."Ithinktherewil"Thisviewpointstemsfromthesimplenotionthatinternationalcoachesdontgetasmuchtimewiththeirplayersastheirclubcounterparts,andthatitseasierfo,,BrazilsWorldCup-winningcoachfrom1994,isnowamemberofFIFAstechnicalstudygroup,andhepredictedanapproachthatwillseeteams"defendwithasmanyplayersaspossible"andplayonthecounterattack."Verycompactteams,withlotsofplayersbehindtheball,closingdownspaceandplayingatpaceontheattack,",ofcourse,ishopingforfree-flowingsoccerandplentyofgoalsinRussia,followingonfromaWorldCupinBrazilin2014thatthegoverningbodyspanelofcoachingexpertssaidsawteams"playpositivelyanddoeverythingtowinagameratherthanmerelynotlose".,,06and10,srebrandin1992,,FIFAschieftechnicaldevelopmentofficer,thinkssoccerhasbeenplayedmorepositivelysinceBarcelonasrecentsuccessusingtheapproachfirstimplementedattheclubbyJohanCruyffinthe1990sandpreviouslybyCruyffsDutchcoachRinusMichelswithhis"TotalFootball"philosophyinthemid-1970s."AsaconsequenceofthesportingsuccessesBarcelonagainedwiththatplayingstyle,manycoachesliketheirteamstoplayattackingfootball,"VanBastensaid."eofplay,butintheendresultscountaswell."Themostcommonformationsthissummerwillbe4-2-3-1andthe4-3-3u,thethree-mandefensehasmadeacomebackofsortsthisyear,withEngland,,withSpain,GermanyandEnglandexpectedtofollowsuit."NoteamwillwintheWorldCupwithoutpressing,"Wilsonsaid."ButIthinktherewillbeafargreatertendencytositdeepandtrytoabsorbpressure."AssociatedPressBeyondsformerbassist,WongKakeung(left)withhisbrotherWongKakuiswaxreplicainMadameTussaudsBeijing.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]WongKa-kuisclassicythmguitaristofthelegendaryHongKongrockband,Beyond,soitisonlyfittingtha,andthe25thanniversaryofhisaccidentaldeath,theworld-famousattractionrecentlyunveiledawaxfigurefeaturingthestarwithhisiconiclook."Itreappearonstage,"saysthelate-singersyoungerbrotherandBeyondsformerbassist,WongKa-keung,whoattendedtheunveilingceremonyatthewaxmuseum."ThewaxreplicaissorealthatmyfamilyandIweremovedbeyondwordswhenwefirstsawitspicture,"heexplains."Thefeatures,suchasthemouthandnose,"

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.ThehistoricwineryDomainedeRombeauinFranceiseyeingalargershareintheglobalmarket,especiallyinChina.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]Youngconsumersdriveg,oneofthelargestexhibitionsforwineandspiritsintheworld,andUK-basedInternationalWineandSpiritResearch,thegrowthrateoftheChinesewinem,Chinawouldbecomethesecondlargestwinemarketintheworldwithavalueof$23billion,esecentralgovernmentrolledoutasweepinganti-corruptioncampaignin2013,thisincidenthadatthesametimeresultedinaboominthemasssegmentasmoreimportersanddealersfloodedthemarketwithbottlesthatcostbelow$,,CEOofVinexpo,saidthattheseconsumershavebecomeoneofthekeygrowthenginesfortheChinesewinemarket."ThereusedtobeaweirdphenomenoninChinaswinecirclewherepeoplewhobuydontdrink,andthosewhodrinkdonrealdrinkers,"soriginisthemostdecisivefactorforChineseconsumerswhenpickingabottle,andFrance,whichisthelargestwineexportertoChina,,whichpolledabout2,500youngwinebuyers,alsofoundthatwinestandardsorpreferenceshavenotemergedonanationalbasis,likeRaspaud."IamtoldthatChineseconsumerswanttobedifferentandindividualistic,beitintheirchoiceofwineorfashion,"saidRaspaud,,theFrenchmansaidthathiswinerywouldbetheequivalentofanindependeein,hehasunder,DomainedeRombeauexported60,

[]Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

  GeneralmanagerBobMyersoftheGoldenStateWarriorscelebrateswiththecrowdduringtheGoldenStateWarriorsVictoryParadeonJune12,2018,inOakland,California.[Photo/Agencies]OAKLAND,California-WarriorsgeneralmanagerBobMyersexpectsswiftnegotiationsto$160million,andMyerssaidheispreparedtogivehim"whateverhewants".Duranthassaidallalonghewantstostayput,especiallyafterwinningapairofchampionshipsinhisfirsttwoseasonswithGoldenState."Sometimesyoudon,lookwhathedidforuslastyear,hedidusagreatservice,"Myerssaid."He,butwewanthimtobehappyandwanthimtoknowthatwewanthimaslongashewantstobehere."Hesearnedthat,,tobehonest,istotrytokeepthewholethingtogether."Kerrhasoneyearremainingonhisoriginalfive-yearcontract,sohewouldreceiveamultiyearextension-andhewantstocoachGoldenStateforthelonghaul,texpectanydifficultiesingettingadealworkedout."Wellgetthatdoneprettyquick,Idontthinkitllbemuchtoit,"ntactwhilealsorealizingtheWarriorswillbeayoungerteamwithoutthesameveteranpresenceasthegroupthaouldbediscussedaswell."Sure,guyshaveproventheycanwinsoyouwanttokeepthatgrouptogether,"Myerssaid."IhavenoideahowthatsalotofdifferentconversationsthathavetotakeplaceandifthatssomethingthatwewanttolookintoImsurewecouldhave."Klaysgotanotheryear,Draymondsreallythefreeagentwehavetofocuson."Afteraregularseasonthatwasanythingbutsteady,withStephenCurrylimitedbyinjuriesto51regular-seasongames,losingsevenof10late,allfourAll-Starsoutatthesametimeforhealthreasons,theWarriorsonTuesdaywillagainhostthevictoryparadeinmsstemmingfromapairofbacksurgeriesfollowingthe2015title."Imsureifyourearoundourplayersandtalktothem,theymakenobonesaboutit,theyloveplayingforhimandtheylovegoingthroughthisjourneywithhim,",te

  Ithasbeenamonthsincethehistoricm,Ithinkthemeetingwillmovecross-Straitsrelationsabigstepforward,offe,tra,thetwosideshavesigned23agreementssincebilateralrelationstookawarmturnin2008,helpinglifttradevolumeto$,,itlacksabigmarket,anddoingbusinesswiththemainlandhasgreatpotential,notedHuangYung-Chien,CEOofAnhui-basedAnqingAnxinSportingGoodsCoLtd,citinghis28yearsrosstheStraits,Taiwanentrepreneurscannotonlytapthemainlandshugemarket,butalsojoinhandswiththeirmainls13thFive-YearPlanhasopenedthedoorformorespaceforeconomicandtradecooperationacrosstheStraits,andbusinesspeoplefrombothsidescancooperatecloselyinabidtobettertaptheworldmarket,saidJiangYaoping,vice-presidentospeopletojointheBeltandRoadInitiativewhilewelcomingTaiwantojointheAsianInfrastructureInvestmentBank,heisalsoofferingfurtherbilaterallinks,,"onefamily".Duringthepastsevenyears,morethan40,000studentshaveexchangedacrosstheStraits,inthespaceforeconomiccooperation,whileagreementsonfreighttradeandothermatterscouldcomequickly,(KMT)andtheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)aredoingnowisforthecommongoodofthewell-beingofpeopleacrosstheStraits,andmoreadvancementwillcomeinthissphere,notedShaoChiChog,presidentofAnhui-basedXinhwaGasIncandvice-presidentoftheAssociationofTaiwanInvestmentEnterprisesinMaanshan.,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  [PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]AmongthosewhotooknoticeofherwasXuXiaoping,s1-million-yuaninvestment,WangandtwootherpartnersestablishedPenguinGuide,afoodanddrinkeducationplatform,,Wangstartedherownbusiness,LadyPenguin,,mostofLadyPenguinscustomersareagedbetween25and35andcomefromfirst-tiercitieslikeShanghaiandGuangzhouinGuangdongprovince."Mycustomersdon,usuallynomorethan300yuan,andletourcustomerserviceteamselectthewinesforthem,"shesaid."Frommyperspective,wi,buttheyregenerallymoreeagertoexploreotheroptions,",Wangispla,mostofthewineschoolsinChinaadoptdfeaturemorewinepairingswithChinesecuisine."T,"saidWang.

  AglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopenonJune16aftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/VCG]WorldslongestglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopentothepublicaftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,onJune16,"skywalk".Itis360metershigh,andextends30metersoutofthecliffthatisnearlyninemeterslongerthantheglassbridgeintheColoradoGrandCanyonintheUnitedStates,whichisclaimedtobethe"EighthWonderoftheWorld".ChrisColeman(right),formerWales,SunderlandandFulhamcoach,hastakenoverasthenewmanagerofChineseSuperLeagueoutfitHebeiChinaFortune.[Photo/TheClubsWebsite]FormerWalesbossChrisColemanisthenewmanagerofChineseSuperLeaguesideHebeiChinaFortune,,wholedtheWelshnationalteamtothesemifinaloftheEuropeanChampionshipin2016,takesthereinsfromChileanmanagerManuelPellegrini,oqualifyfortheWorldCup,andtookchargeofSunderlandinEnglandssecond-tierdivision,(right),formerWales,SunderlandandFulhamcoach,hastakesWebsiteHavinginheritedastrugglingside,hecouldnotsaveSunderlandfromrelegationtoLeagueOne,andwasfiredatthsfirstCSLgameinchargewillbeonJuly18atDalianYifangaftertheleagueresumesfollowingthemidseasonbreak."WewelcomeMrColemansarrivalandexpecthimtobringnewideastotheteamandhelptheteamreachitstargetforthisseason,"gdongandJiangZhipengaswellasfourforeignstars:formerBarcelonamidfielderJavierMascherano,ex-ParisSaint-GermainattackerEzequielLavezzi,bothofArgentina,formerArsenalstrikerGervinhoofCotedIvoire,nwhenPellegriniguidedittofourthplace,"relegationspecialist",whismovetoChinaischieflymotivatedbymoney,afterEnglishmediareportedhewillearn$atSunderland."TheappointmentofChrisColemanissomethingofasurprise,especiallyashehasrecentlypresidedovertherelegationofSunderland,"saidSimonChadwick,aprofessorofsportsenterpriseatSalfordUniversity."Inmanyways,,thisisthechancetoworkwithacoachwhohasrecentlybeencoachinginternationalstars,suchas(RealMadrids)GarethBale."WithColemanincharge,,thisisashrewd,potentiallyconstructivemovewhich,ifColemancanre-establishhimselfatclublevel,couldformthebasisforahighlyproductivepartnership."Coleman,adefender,playedforSwanseaCity,CrystalPalace,BlackburnRoversandFulham,aswellaswinning32capsforWales,befoFulhamin2003,a,wherehefamouslyturneduplateforanewsconferenceafteranightoutandinitiallyblamedabrokenwashingmachineforhistardiness,,andby2015hehadsteeredthecountrytoitshighesteverpositionofeighth,withasquadincludingBaleandArsenal,Walesfirstmajortournamentsince1958,wheretheDragonstoppedtheirgroupandreachedthesemifinalbeforelosingtoeventualchampionPortugal.

  TheartexhibitionSanctuaryisunderwayatLangYuanVintageinBeijinguntilJune19.[]myplace."Itislikereopeningaworldforgottenbyhumanbeings,"Jean-CharlesPenot,artistoftheshow,saidtoChinaDailywebsite."Alongtimeago,epowerofwaterandhowwaterbringslifeandhopetopeople."GrowingupinacoastaltownnearBordeauxofFrance,Penotwasdeeplyinfluencedbyhisgrandfatherandbecameanatureloverhimself."Hetaughtmetogrowvegetables,showedmethebeautyoftheforest,namesofeverysingleplant,"Penotsaid."Mygrandpataughtmehowtorespectnatureandhownaturewillalwaysgiveyouback."

  Musicians(fromleft)ChangChenyue,MCHotdog,KrisWu,GloriaTangTszkeiandWilberPancomposethejuryfortheupcomingnewseasonofTheRapofChina.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]WhenthefirstseasonofTheRapofChina,arealityshowonhip-hop,waspremieredthroughstreamingmediaplatformiQiyilastJune,,C,asongwrittenin2015byrapperPGOne-oneofthewinnersinthefirstseasonofTheRapofChina-wascriticizedinJanuarybytheoffic,allmusicbyPGOne,whoserealnameisWangHao,inashowwouldhaveanotherseason.

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.GeneralmanagerBobMyersoftheGoldenStateWarriorscelebrateswiththecrowdduringtheGoldenStateWarriorsVictoryParadeonJune12,2018,inOakland,California.[Photo/Agencies]OAKLAND,California-WarriorsgeneralmanagerBobMyersexpectsswiftnegotiationsto$160million,andMyerssaidheispreparedtogivehim"whateverhewants".Duranthassaidallalonghewantstostayput,especiallyafterwinningapairofchampionshipsinhisfirsttwoseasonswithGoldenState."Sometimesyoudon,lookwhathedidforuslastyear,hedidusagreatservice,"Myerssaid."He,butwewanthimtobehappyandwanthimtoknowthatwewanthimaslongashewantstobehere."Hesearnedthat,,tobehonest,istotrytokeepthewholethingtogether."Kerrhasoneyearremainingonhisoriginalfive-yearcontract,sohewouldreceiveamultiyearextension-andhewantstocoachGoldenStateforthelonghaul,texpectanydifficultiesingettingadealworkedout."Wellgetthatdoneprettyquick,Idontthinkitllbemuchtoit,"ntactwhilealsorealizingtheWarriorswillbeayoungerteamwithoutthesameveteranpresenceasthegroupthaouldbediscussedaswell."Sure,guyshaveproventheycanwinsoyouwanttokeepthatgrouptogether,"Myerssaid."IhavenoideahowthatsalotofdifferentconversationsthathavetotakeplaceandifthatssomethingthatwewanttolookintoImsurewecouldhave."Klaysgotanotheryear,Draymondsreallythefreeagentwehavetofocuson."Afteraregularseasonthatwasanythingbutsteady,withStephenCurrylimitedbyinjuriesto51regular-seasongames,losingsevenof10late,allfourAll-Starsoutatthesametimeforhealthreasons,theWarriorsonTuesdaywillagainhostthevictoryparadeinmsstemmingfromapairofbacksurgeriesfollowingthe2015title."Imsureifyourearoundourplayersandtalktothem,theymakenobonesaboutit,theyloveplayingforhimandtheylovegoingthroughthisjourneywithhim,",te

  

  中国联通副总裁韩志刚离职 跳槽新华三出任联席总裁

 
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理想撞进现实:辉煌一时的墨家缘何走向衰落

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来源:凤凰网综合

秋战国时期,思想学术界百家争鸣。当时学者以儒墨并称,非儒即墨,二家并为显学。然而盛极一时的墨家学派,在秦汉之后几乎销声匿迹了。

墨子(资料图)

春秋战国时期,思想学术界百家争鸣。当时学者以儒墨并称,非儒即墨,二家并为显学。然而盛极一时的墨家学派,在秦汉之后几乎销声匿迹了。作为墨家学派创始人的墨子,其生平事迹已经开始变得模糊,或者说遭到漠视。司马迁在《史记》中为孔子、孟子、荀子、老子、庄子、韩非子等人皆立传记,仅在《孟子荀卿列传》的最后对墨子附以24字的内容,简略不备而又含糊不明。此外,孙诒让又据诸书所载统计墨子弟子、再传三传弟子、不详传授系次者等共三十余人(《墨子后语上·墨学传授考》),其中绝大多数人之事迹已经湮灭。在秦汉之后,墨家几乎再无传人。

从墨家学派的著作来看,《汉书·艺文志·诸子略》所列诸子十家中,墨家著作仅存6家,为最少。汉唐以来直到清朝之前,对其之研究几乎为空白,这与儒、道、法诸家注疏众多的情况形成了鲜明的对比。除《墨子》外,《汉志》所载墨家著作尚有五家:《尹佚》二篇、《田俅子》三篇、《我子》一篇、《随巢子》六篇、《胡非子》三篇。隋唐时期存世的墨家著作有《墨子》十五卷、《胡非子》一卷、《随巢子》一卷,《尹佚》《田俅子》《我子》皆已亡佚(据《隋志》,梁有《田俅子》一卷,则其应亡于梁后隋前)。《宋史·艺文志》则仅著录《墨子》十五卷,《胡非子》《随巢子》亦已亡佚。

理想与实践冲突中的停滞不前

盛极一时的学术流派突然衰落,这是一个颇有意味、值得深思的问题,我们可以从以下几个方面略窥其原因。

首先,就其根本而言,墨家的学说过于理想化,或者说就是一种空想。墨家思想有着十分严密的逻辑关系,其最根本的主张是兼爱,几乎一切观点与主张皆由此生发:因兼爱而非攻,反对战争;物质财富是有限的,少数贵族的奢侈生活必然会导致下层民众的贫困,故主张节用、节葬、非乐;儒家礼制的繁琐与用度之多又与此相冲突,故墨家非儒;尚同与尚贤是墨家的为政之本,是针对当时天下混乱的形势而提出的政治纲领,其实质也是为了贯彻其兼爱的主张。如《墨子·尚贤下》讲为贤之道:“有力者疾以助人,有财者勉以分人,有道者劝以教人。”

那么,作为其出发点与立足点的兼爱,到底是一种什么样的主张呢?墨子认为,天下一切混乱——君臣、父子、兄弟之矛盾,盗贼,大夫之间、诸侯之间的攻伐——皆起自不相爱。解决的办法是,使天下兼相爱、交相利,爱人——无论父、兄、君、弟、子、臣——若爱其身,视人之室、家、国若其室、家、国,则可消灭一切祸乱之源头。(《墨子·兼爱》)但正如《汉志·诸子略》墨家类小序所云,“推兼爱之意,而不知别亲疏”,这种无差别、一视同仁地爱一切人的主张显然不符合人性发展的实际,也忽略了宗法制度、血缘关系的社会现实,墨子所设想的理想社会图景可望而不可即,不可能实现。

其次,一种学说往往包含两个层面的内容,一是思想层面,二是实践层面。在先秦诸子中,墨家比较有影响的多是实践性的主张,但其思想的深度不足。因此,一旦在实践层面上没有出路,这种学说也就失去了发展的空间。秦汉之后,中央集权制度建立,社会环境发生变化,墨家的主张不符合新秩序的要求,几乎完全失去了存在的基础,因此走向衰落;而同为显学的儒家学说则恰恰相反,获得了空前发展,二者命运迥然不同。

同时,墨家的主张对人在实践上提出了很高的要求,这往往不是常人所能做到的。庄子对墨子的人格非常欣赏,称赞墨子“真天下之好也,将求之不得也,虽枯槁不舍也,才士也夫”,但他仍客观地指出:“墨翟、禽滑釐之意则是,其行则非也。将使后世之墨者,必以自苦腓无胈、胫无毛,相进而已矣。乱之上也,治之下也。”庄子还评价墨家非乐、节葬、节用诸说曰:“其生也勤,其死也薄,其道大觳;使人忧,使人悲,其行难为也,恐其不可以为圣人之道,反天下之心,天下不堪。墨子虽独能任,奈天下何!离于天下,其去王也远矣。”墨子对于人的要求实在太高了,他自己虽能做到,但无法为天下人普遍接受,所以实际上恰恰偏离了圣人之道。

最后,一种学说要想获得长久的生命力,必须不断地完善与发展。春秋战国时期的各家学术流派,如儒家、道家、法家等,其学说都不是停滞不前的,而是不断地注入新的内涵。除创始人外,还不断涌现出重要的代表人物,使本学派的理论有大的推进,如儒家的孟子、荀子,道家的庄子,法家的韩非子,等等。反观墨家,墨子之后并没有出现特别有影响的人物,也没有提出超越墨子的理论与学说。所以,不能与时俱进,也是墨家学派衰落的一个重要原因。

“各引一端”与“崇其所善”

并置下的当代继承

墨家在中国古代社会的衰落是一个很复杂的问题,不能简单、片面地分析。同时,对于墨家的思想与主张,无论是赞同还是批判,都不能脱离当时的社会现实。春秋战国诸子学说的提出,都是建立在诸侯纷争的混乱社会背景下的,其说纷纭,其指归则一,即试图为当时的社会与时代寻找出路。

评价墨家的主张,一味地指责是断然不对的。比如,有人认为墨家过分强调人的生存需要,排斥甚至否定人的其他社会需要,这样的分析脱离了时代与现实,是不可取的。墨家提出节葬、节用、非乐等主张,在春秋战国时代都是有意义的,只是不能普遍应用于每一个时代而已。同时,节葬、节用、非乐,再加上兼爱、非攻等这些主张,其合理的成分对于现代社会的建设与发展仍然有借鉴意义。所以,在审视先秦诸子时,我们既要看到其由于“各引一端”而产生的弊端,又要看到其“崇其所善”的长处。当然这都应该立足于当时的社会历史环境。

墨家学派虽然衰落了,但实际上墨子学说颇为后期其他学派学者如惠施、公孙龙、孟子等人所吸取。晋鲁胜《注〈墨辩〉叙》曰:“墨子著书,作《辩经》(即《经说》上下篇)以立名本,惠施、公孙龙祖述其学,以正别名显于世。”此外,《墨子》中还有一部分内容涉及逻辑学、自然科学(如力学、光学、几何学),以及军事上的城守问题,具有逻辑学史、科学史与军事学史的价值。

墨家学说在沉寂了两千年后,至清代重新引起学者的重视,毕沅、王引之、王念孙、俞樾等学者对《墨子》进行了整理与研究,取得了很大的成绩。而清末学者孙诒让,对《墨子》做了全面的考校、疏解,综采诸家,撰《墨子间诂》十卷、《墨子目录》《墨子附录》各一卷、《墨子后语》二卷,为墨家之最大功臣。在清代学者工作的基础上,现代的墨家研究更加走向深入和全面。我们研究、了解墨家学派的历史,对当代文化的建设与发展具有启示意义;而消化、吸收墨家学说中的丰富的思想、文化遗产,在新的社会历史条件下创新发展,仍具有很强的现实与长远意义。

原标题:辉煌与寂寥:墨家学派衰落成因

来源:中国社会科学网

[责任编辑:李志明 PN032]

责任编辑:李志明 PN032

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